The United States applies Presidential Policy Directive 8: National Preparedness (PPD-8) in equipping individuals and communities with preparedness goals.
There are five National Planning Frameworks by which we prepare for threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk of security to our Nation:
- Prevention: preventing, avoiding or stopping a threatened or actual act of terrorism.
- Protection: protecting our citizens, residents, visitors, and assets against the greatest threats and hazards in a manner that allows our interests, aspirations, and way of life to thrive.
- Mitigation: mitigating the loss of life and property by lessening the impact of future disasters.
- Response: responding quickly to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs in the aftermath of a catastrophic incident.
- Recovery: recovering through a focus on the timely restoration, strengthening, and revitalization of infrastructure, housing, and a sustainable economy, as well as the health, social, cultural, historic, and environmental fabric of communities affected by a catastrophic event.
Taken from National Preparedness Goal, p. 1